Coorg is a haven for many species of birds and animals, which are given an excellent habitat in the rain forests and mountain ranges. Of all the species living in India, 25 percent can be found in this unique area.

Visitors to Coorg interested in wildlife will particularly enjoy a trip to Nagarhole National Park, which is part of the Nilgiri biosphere reserve.  Many years ago this was the hunting place for the Maharajas of Mysore and the Coorg Kings alike, as a portion of the National park lies in the disctrict of mysore. But is now a wildlife sanctuary featuring elephants and tigers for which projects have been established to help protect.

Lucky visitors can encounter tiger, leopard, jackals, wild dogs, wild boar, deer and several types of primate amongst many other animals. There is plenty for bird enthusiasts to see also, with many rare species .

As well as the national park there are three wildlife sanctuaries in the region including Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, which has been identified as one of the most important bird areas of the world. The other two are Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary and Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary, which is the largest of the three at 181 square kilometers.

The damp conditions of the forests and mountain ranges provide a unique ecosystem, which provide great sustenance to a wide variety of birds, animals and plants.